This section includes a list of federal agencies, organizations, articles, training materials and resources on American Indian and Alaska Native suicide prevention.
The IHS Division of Behavioral Health is responsible for IHS efforts to monitor, prevent, and treat mental and behavior health conditions, substance abuse and suicide prevention. The IHS Division of Behavioral Health web site features sections on suicide prevention programs, best practices, collaborations and resources related to tribal suicide prevention.
SAMHSA provides training and technical assistance to tribes, such as help with prevention program planning and Tribal Action Plan development. This web page highlights SAMHSA's tribal affairs agenda and includes policies, working group activities, grant programs and publications and training and technical assistance resources related to tribal suicide prevention and mental health.
The Tribal TTA Center provides training and technical assistance (TTA) on mental and substance use disorders, suicide prevention, and the promotion of mental health. The Tribal TTA Center provides Broad, Focused, and Intensive TTA to federally recognized tribes, other American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities, SAMHSA tribal grantees, and organizations serving Indian Country.
American Indian and Alaska Native Organizations
The Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC) American Indian and Alaska Native web pages are designed for individuals working with Native populations on suicide prevention and mental health promotion. These web pages include the basics of getting started, a best practices registry, a comprehensive library of data sources and publications, and sustaining efforts from Indian Country.
The Center for Native American Youth is committed to improving the health, safety, and well-being of Native American youth and, in particular, to preventing youth suicide. Founded by former U.S. Senator Byron Dorgan, the center aspires to develop meaningful partnerships with Tribal governments and organizations. The Center holds youth summits and roundtables throughout Indian Country to bring together youth, Tribal leaders, key partners, and experts to discuss the challenges these young people face and best practices on how to respond to those challenges.
One Sky Center is a National Resource Center for American Indian and Alaska Native Health, Education and Research. It is dedicated to quality mental health care across Indian Country.
Aii is a department within the University of Oklahoma's Division of Public and Community Services in University Outreach and provides outreach services and form collaborative partnerships with American Indian, Alaska Native and Canadian First Nation tribes and bands. Aii's web site features a resource library of materials, services, and suicide prevention programs throughout Indian Country.
Suicide Prevention Organizations
The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline is a 24-hour, toll-free, confidential suicide prevention hotline available to anyone in suicidal crisis or emotional distress. By dialing 1-800-273-TALK (8255), the call is routed to the nearest crisis center in our national network of more than 150 crisis centers. The Lifeline’s national network of local crisis centers provide crisis counseling and mental health referrals day and night. The Lifeline website features suicide prevention toolkits, customizable public service announcements, print materials and e-cards.
The American Foundation for Suicide Prevention is a 501(c)(3) organization that is at the forefront of a wide range of suicide prevention initiatives including groundbreaking research, new educational campaigns, innovative demonstration projects, and critical policy work.
SPRC is the nation’s only federally supported resource center devoted to advancing the National Strategy for Suicide Prevention. SPRC provides technical assistance, training, and materials to increase the knowledge and expertise of suicide prevention practitioners and other professionals serving people at risk for suicide.
Suicide Prevention Best Practices and Evidence-Based Programs
The purpose of the Best Practices Registry (BPR) is to identify, review, and disseminate information about best practices that address specific objectives of the National Strategy for Suicide Prevention.
The National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP) is a searchable online registry of mental and/or substance use disorder interventions that have been reviewed and rated by independent reviewers. The purpose of this registry is to assist the public in identifying approaches to preventing and treating mental illness and substance use disorders that have been scientifically tested and that can be readily disseminated to the field.
American Indian and Alaska Native Suicide Prevention Publications and Resources
The purpose of this guide is to support AI/AN communities and those who serve them in developing effective, culturally appropriate suicide prevention plans. This guide lays the groundwork for comprehensive prevention planning, with prevention broadly defined to include programs that a community can use to promote the mental health of its young people. The guide also covers actions a community can take in response to a suicide to help the community heal and thereby prevent related suicidal behaviors.
This manual provides a process for communities to address wellness, identify their own resources, and use the knowledge and ability of community members to promote change. Native people themselves are the best people to decide what changes are needed and to make those changes occur.
Suicide prevention toolkit published by the National Indian Child Welfare Association.
This manuscript was prepared under NIH Contract No. MI-60823, with funding support from the National Institutes of Health Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) and technical assistance from the National Institute of Mental Health.
The Northwest Suicide Prevention Tribal Action Plan's mission is to reduce suicide rates among American Indians and Alaska Natives living in the Pacific Northwest by increasing tribal capacity and improving collaboration. While the Action Plan was developed for the Northwest Tribes and their partnering agencies to guide program planning, catalyze community outreach efforts, and foster a coordinated response to suicide in tribal communities, it can be a useful model for other communities.
The National Suicide Prevention Strategic Plan, 2011–2015 addresses suicide prevention through fostering collaborations across the entire Indian health system. This strategic plan is an integrated approach to reducing the loss and suffering from suicide and suicidal behaviors. It brings together multiple disciplines, perspectives, and resources to create a system in which services can be accessed by individuals, families, schools, and communities.
Suicide Prevention Resources for Schools
The SAMHSA toolkit to assist high schools and school districts in designing and implementing strategies to prevent suicide and promote behavioral health. The tool kit will help schools and their partners: assess their ability to prevent suicide and respond to suicides; learn strategies to help students at risk for suicide; understand how to respond to a suicide; respond to the needs and cultures of the students; and integrate suicide prevention into other school activities, such as preventing the abuse of alcohol and other drugs.
After a Suicide: A Tool Kit for Schools is an expertly researched, practical guide for high school administrators, teachers, and others who need to respond in real time to the crisis caused by a student’s death. Produced by the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention and the Suicide Prevention Resource Center, this 50-page document advises on how to help students cope, prevent suicide contagion, and monitor social media. It also advises on how to work with the community, properly memorialize, and speak to the news media. Helpful templates, checklists, and resources are included.